Rural Education in India
The rural education system in India is in shambles owing to various reasons. As per estimates more 150 million students (exceeding 96%) enrol at Primary schools. However, quality of education, motivation to come to schools and compulsions back home remain a serious concern resulting in Net Enrolment Ratio (NER) of 58% at upper primary, just after 4 years of elementary education. Despite recorded high enrolments, the attendance in rural Indian schools remains poor. There is no motivation for students to come back to school every day.
As per ASER 2012 report:
- 58% of Class V students cannot read class II text book (up from 43% in year 2010)
- 47% of Class V students cannot do simple two digit subtraction (up from 29% in 2010)
- 75% of class V students cannot do simple division (up from 64% in 2010)
With more than 57% of schools having 3 teachers or less performing multiple duties ranging from administrative to Government assignments, the quality in these schools is alarmingly low. The situation is particularly grim in rural India where teachers lack motivation, skills and techniques needed for a teacher to build India’s future.
Various experiments in various rural parts of Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan have shown that technology supported quality education can support and equip the teachers. The students absorb the technology very fast and the audio-visual means with scientifically developed and standardised methodologies of teaching have brought the interest back into classrooms.
The Union and State Governments have also realized the importance of inculcating technology in education to improve the standards and are encouraging rural schools of India to adopt the eLearning modules in rural Indian schools.
Introduction of technology in rural Indian schools have improvised the overall teaching standards and made learning fun and interactive. Te most important aspect is the exposure to rural students and the increase in their confidence levels.